Bihar Board Class 8 English Solution Chapter 2 is an easy guide that offers you solved problems of your chapter 2 – Sleep. If you are facing some difficulties or searching for the solutions of this chapter, then you have come to the right place. On this page, we have presented you with the BSEB Class 8 English Solution for Chapter 2. So if you are ready to start learning new things, then let’s get started.
|Subject||English (Radiance Part 3)|
|Category||Bihar Board Class 8 Solutions|
Bihar Board Class 8 English Solution Chapter 2
Why do we sleep ? Do all persons sleep for the same amour! of time ? Do you ever have dreams ? If yes, narrate the dreams which you like/dislike most. Why do you think we have dreams ?
We sleep to freshen up our mind and body and to gain energy. No, all persons don’t sleep for the same amount of time. Yes, I have seen dreams for many times. 1 like dream of good things. I dislike ghost dreams. I think that we have dreams because we think of them in day time, someday or the other. Our unfulfilled desires come in our mind as dreams.
B. Let’s Comprehend
B. 1. Think and Tell
B. 1. 1. Answer the following questions orally
For how long does an average adult sleep ?
Seven hours and twenty minutes.
What are the most common causes of sleep problems ?
Worry and depression causes sleep problems.
Tell some of the factors which affect sleep. Also add some new things which are not mentioned in the passage.
Noise light, heat, cold and fear or tension.
When do the bodily functions get slow ?
In the middle of night.
B. 2. Think And Write
B. 2. 1. On the basis of reading the lesson, try to complete the data given
Five stages in one phases: sleep cycle and two alternating
Stages I and 2 – Not in deep sleep. Stage 3 and 4 – Deep sleep.
Stage 5 – Your brain is active and you dream.
Phase 1 -Involves no dreaming, normally it occurs in the early part of the night.
Phase 2 – Involves dreaming; it occurs mostly in the later part of the night for varying periods of time. If we wake up during this phase, we will certainty remember our dreams.
B. 2. 2. Write the answers to the following questions in about 50 words
Do all adults require the same amount of sleep ? Find out how much sleep people of different age group require.
An average adult sleeps for seven hours and twenty minutes. About 8% of adults sleep for 5 hours and some sleep less than that. 4% of the adults need 10 hours or more sleep. So, all adults do not require the same amount of sleep. Children of 5 to 12 years need 10 to 11 hours sleep each night. Babies need to sleep for 14 to 18 hours. Elderly people need less sleep than they were young. They often take a nap during the day time.
Why does the author not favor sleeping pills ? Pick out the line that shows that the author does not favor them.
Sleeping pills make people addicted to them. It creates another problems than sleep. So, the author does not favor sleeping pills.
The line that shows that the author does not favor them, from the text is “It is better to avoid them if we can. It is much better to identify the problem and remove it.”
Have you ever felt sleep problems in your life ? Discuss in pairs and w rite down the possible causes of sleep problems.
Rakes: Have you ever felt sleep problems in your life ?
Harish: Yes, once I was sick. 1 had severe headache. I could not sleep till mid night.
Manu: Wjhen I hear loud noise in my surroundings, I can not sleep.
Kanti: When its too hot or too cold, I feel uneasly in sleeping. I get to be awake for late night.
Pallavi : When I go to some new place, I can’t sleep for long in the new surrounding.
What are the consequences of regularly missing sleep for long periods of time ?
The consequences.or the results of”regularly missing sleep for long periods of time are very bad. The affected person becomes abnormal.’ He begins to behave strangely. His ability to concentrate on things or studies and his judgement ’ability gets impaired.
C. Word Study
C. 1. There are six words connected with sleep. Find them out from the grid. You may use the dues below.
happening by turns, first one and then the other (para 3)
old people (para 2)
state of being sad or gloomy (para 8)
weakened (para 7)
abnormal (para 7)
used to (para 5)
Note: Pick out only those words that have been used in the text.
C. 2. Read the following sentences carefully.
(a) The elderly need less sleep.
(b) When we sleep, the bodily functions slow down.
(c) You soon begin to-behave strangely.
In the above sentences words with ’-ly’ have different functions to perform. In sentence
(a) ’the elderly means the elderly people and it functions as a noun. In sentence
(b) the word ‘bodily’ is describing the “functions” which is a noun. Therefore, bodily is an adjective and that’s why in this case it comes before the noun. In sentence
(c) the word ‘strangely’ clearly qualifies the verb ‘behave’ and therefore it functions as an adverb. Notice that ‘y’ of ‘body’ is changed to ‘i’ in ‘bodily’.
Now, try to find out what different functions the ‘-ly’ words perform in the sentences given below:
(a) The easterly winds bring rain.
(b) He visit us rarely nowadays.
(c) The lion was vastly amused.
(d) This restaurant provides us homely meals.
(e) His monthly’Salary is very high.
(f) The student has solved this sum correctly.
(g) The children danced happily.
(h) He read the book thoroughly.
In sentence (a) ‘Easterly’ qualifies the whole sen-tence. Which wind brings rain ? The answer is ‘easterly’. So it functions as an adverb. So, ‘easterly’ is an adverb. .
In sentence (b) the word ‘rarely’ qualifies the verb vis-its’ and therefore it functions as an adverb.
(c) ‘Vastly’ qualifies the adjective word ‘amused’ so it is an adverb.
(d) homely’ is describing ‘meals’ which is a noun. There-fore, homely is an adjective.
(e) ‘monthly’ describes the noun ‘salary’ so ‘monthly’ is an adjective.
(f) ‘correctly’ qualifies the verb ‘solved’ so it is an adverb.
(g) ‘happily’ qualifies the verb ‘danced’ so it is an adverb.
(h) ‘thoroughly’ qualifies the verb ‘read’ so it is an adverb.
Pick out words from the text to which ‘-ly’ can be added to form new words are
The words from the text to which ‘-ly’v
Can be added to form new words are-.
- Sleep – sleeplessly.
- Need – Needily.
- Healthy – Healthily.
- Attention – Attentively.
- Necessary – Necessarily.
- Disorder-Disorderly. ,
- Average – Averagely.
D. 1. Simple. Compound And Complex Sentences
Read the following sentences
(a) A lot of people have serious sleep problems,
(b) You lose the ability to concentrate and your judgement gets impaired.
(c) When we sleep, the bodily functions slow down.
Here in sentence (a) there is only one subject (a lot of people) and a finite verb (have); therefore, it is a simple sen-tence. On the other hand, the sentence (b) and (e) have more -than one subject and finite verb, so they are either compound or complex sentences.
In sentence (b) we see that the two simple sentences
You lose the ability to concentrate and
your judgement gets impaired are linked with ‘and’ a co-ordinating conjunction. And hence it is a compound sentence. Other coordinating conjunctions are : but, or.
A compound sentence has two or more independent clauses that are generally linked with co-ordinating conjunc-tion like ‘and’ ‘but’ ‘or’. The important thing to remember is that the two clauses that we join together should be either similar or contrasting.
Sentence (c) has one main clause ‘the bodily functions slow down’ and one subordinate clause ‘we sleep’. Therefore, it is a complex sentence, as both the clauses are joined with a subordinate conjunction ‘when’. Other subordinating conjunc-tions are :
(while, who, which, that, since, after, if, unless, however, as)
Read the text again and find one example of each type of sentence, in the compound and complex sentences, encircle the clauses and name them, e.g., independent clauses, subordinating clauses, co-ordinating clauses.
(a) Simple sentence – Our brain needs sleep.
Subject – Our brain.
Finite verb – needs.
(b) Compound sentence-There are no rules about how much sleep is necessarys but an average adult sleeps for seven hours and twenty minutes. Two simple sentences in this example are:
There are no rules about how much sleep is necessary,
An average adult sleeps.for seven hours and twenty minutes,
Co-ordinating conjunction:- but.
(c) Complex Sentence – If you don’t get enough sleep, you can forget what you learnt.
Main clause.- You can forget what you learnt, Subordinate clause – You don’t get enough sleep. Subordinate – conjunction – If.
D. 1. 1. Read the following extract and identify the types of sentences simple, compound and complex.
The Rose Ringed Parakeet
One of the most beautiful birds is the rose-ringed para-keet. Parakeets are brilliant green. When perched on a tree they aie hardly visible as their colour mingles with the green of the leaves.
The male bird has a rose-pink and black collar round his neck. Both the male and female birds have large brilliant red hills.
These birds eat fruit and grain, and they cause much de-struction. A large part of the fruit goes waste as the birds leave it half eaten
The mother bird lays four to six alomost white egges usually febuary and april. she place them a hole in a tree or wall. both parents looks after eggs
- One of the most beautiful birds is the rose-ringed parakeet. (Simple sentene)
- I Parakeets are brilliant green. (Simple sentence)
- When perched on a tree they are hardly visible as their
- colour mingles with the green of the leaves.
- (Complex sentence) — These birds eat fruit and grain, and they cause much destruction, (Compound sentence)
- half-eaten. (Cbmplexsentence)
- The mother bird lays four to six almost white round eggs, usually between February and April. (Simple sentence) -Both parents look after the eggs. (Simple sentence)
E. Let’s Talk
Word in groups of four and talk about your sleeping habits. You can ask the answer the following questions
(a) How many hours of sleep do you take normally ?
(b) Do you fall alseep as soon as you go to bed ?
(c) Do you have any sort of sleep problems ? If yes, what are they ?
(d) When do you find it difficult to sleep ?
(e) What happens to you when you keep awake for a longer period of time ?
Now one student from each group will share the views of the group with the rest of the class.
- Pranav : How many hours of sleep do you take nor-mally I t
- Ranjit: Normally, I take eight hours sleep.
- Pintu: Do you fall asleep as soon as you go to bed ?
- Mohit: No, it takes some time for me to fall asleep.
- Raju: Do you have any sort of sleep problems ?
- If yes, what are they ?
- Ragini:. I can’t sleep when the light is on. And when it is too hot or too cold then also it takes time for me, to sleep.
- Renu: When do you find it difficult to sleep
- Kanti: When there is loud noise around me, I find itdifficult to sleep.
- Golu: What happens to you when you keep awake
- for a longer period of time ?
- Karan ; Tlhen, I feel disturbed for a jtong time in the following days. I become irritated.
- Mini: And how do you feel having a sound sleep ?
- Karan: Having sound sleep I feel fresh and happy for whole day.
Write a short paragraph in 100 words on ’The Importance of Sound Sleep”.
Before you get down to write your final paragraph you must jot down your points and organise your points in the correct sequence. Prepare a rough draft and check whether all the points that you had noted down have been included and are organised in their proper order. You must also, check the spellings of words, punctuation marks and capital letters.
The Importance of Sound Sleep A sound mind rests in a sound body. And sound sleep gives us both. The person who enjoys sound sleep is a happy person on the earth. It helps us to become fresh and energetic.. Having a sound sleep we can concentrate on our studies betterly. A large part of the fruit goes waste as the birds leave it ‘”Then, we can get good mood tod get along well with our friends and our family members. Sound sleep Is a boon for us. It-is necessary for all of us.
Translate the first two paragraphs into Hindi or your mother tongue:
Hints : See ‘Hindi translation of the Chapter’.
Nobody (pron) [नोबडी] = कोई (व्यक्ति) नहीं। Develop (v)[डेबलप] = विकसित होना । Healthy (adj) [हेल्दी] = स्वस्थ । Injuries (n) [इन्जूरीज] = चोट । Concentrate (v) [कन्सेन्ट्रेट] = ध्यान देना Rules (n) [रूल्स] = नियम | Necessary (adj)[नेसेसरी] = अनिवार्य । Average (adj) [एवरेज] = औसत | Elderly (n) [एल्डरली = उम्रदराज, बुजुर्ग | Nap (n) [नैप] = झपकी।
Stages (n) [स्टेजेज] = अवस्था। Cycle (n) [साइकल) = चक्र । Fall asleep (phr)[फॉल अस्लीप] = सो जाना । Breathing (v) [ब्रेदिंग] _ = सांस लेना । Motionless (adj) [मोशनलेस] = बिना हरकत के । Rap’ idly (adj) (रैपिडली] = तीव्रता से ।
Normal (adj) [नार्मल] = सामान्य । Made up of (phr) (मेड अप ऑफ] = बना हुआ। Alternating (adj) [ऑलटरनेटिंग] = क्रम से, एक के बाद दूसरा । Involve (v) [इनवॉल्व] = शामिल करना । Usually (adv)[युजुअली] = सामान्य रूप से। Occur (v) [ऑकर] = घटित होना । Varying (adj) [वेरिंग] = भिन्न। Period (n)[पीरिअड] = काल
Certainly (adv) [सर्टेनली] = निश्चित रूप से । Bodily (adj) [बौडिली] = शारीरिक, शरीर का। Function (n) [फंक्शन] = कार्य । Normally (adv) [नॉर्मली] = आम तौर पर। Enough (adv) [एनफ] = पर्याप्त । Attention (n) [अटेन्शन] = ध्यान । Idea (n) [आइडिया] = विचार | Decision (n) (डिसीजन] = निर्णय।
Difficulty (n) [डिफिकल्टी] = कठिनाई, परेशानी । Miss (v) [मिस| = खोना | Couple (n) [कपल] = जोड़ा | Irritable (adj) [इरिटेबल) = चिड़चिड़ा, परेशान । However (adv) [हॉवएवर] = किसी प्रकार से । Stay awake (phr) [स्टे अवेक] = जागे रहना । Strangely (adv) (स्ट्रेंजली] = विचित्रता से | Ability (n) [एबिलिटी] = योग्यता । Judge_ment (n) [जजमेन्ट] = निर्णय । Impair (v) [इम्पेअर) = कमजोर पड़ना। Deranged (adj) [डिटेन्ज्ड] = असामान्य । A lot of (phr) [अ लॉट ऑफ) = ढेर सारे । Serious (adj) [सीरिअस] = गंभीर। Number of (phr)[नंबर ऑफ] = ढेर सारे I Cause
(n) [कॉज] = कारण । Depression (n) [डिप्रेशन) = दबाव, एक मानसिक बीमारी; Common (adj) कॉमन] = आम | Environment (n)
एनविरोनमेन्ट = वातावरण । Affect (v) [अफेक्ट] = असर करना । Surroundings (n) |सराउन्डिंग्स] = आस-पास का वातावरण । Temporary (adj)|टेम्पररी = क्षणिक, अस्थायी । Sleeplessness (n)[स्लीपनेसनेस] = अनिद्रा, नींद न आना । Seek (v)|सीक] = ढूँढ़ना । Addicted (adj) एडिक्टेड लत लग जाना । Insomnia (n)|इनसॉमनिया = नींद न आने की बीमारी | Avoid (v) |एवोएडा – बचना ।Identify (v) [आइडेन्टिफाई) – पहचान करना।